This list of anthropology research paper topics is divided into the following categories: Applied Anthropology, Archaeology, Biological Anthropology, Cultural Anthropology, Evolution, and Linguistics.
Applied Anthropology Research Paper Topics
Applied anthropology, in its broader sense, is distinguished primarily from academic anthropology as anthropological methods and data put to use outside of the classroom. This is not to say that all anthropological methods and data put to use outside of the classroom is applied anthropology; field research also is anthropological methods and data put to use outside of the classroom, but it can be used for academic purposes, as well as for practical application.
Archaeology Research Paper Topics
Archaeology is the study of human cultures through the study of material and environmental remains. The word, derived from ancient Greek, means “the study of antiquity.” Archaeology is one of the four subfields of anthropology, together with biological anthropology, linguistic anthropology, and social/cultural anthropology. Archaeological remains can take many forms, two of the basic ones being artifacts (any object altered by human hands) and faunal remains, or midden (food remnants such as bone and shell).
Biological Anthropology Research Paper Topics
Biological anthropology uses the comparative method in order to understand and appreciate the evolutionary relationships among primate fossils, as well as living species. It compares and contrast fossil skeletons (especially jaws and teeth), DNA molecules, and morphologies (both anatomy and physiology), as well as psychological and behavioral patterns.
Cultural Anthropology Research Paper Topics
Cultural anthropology is the study of human patterns of thought and behavior, and how and why these patterns differ, in contemporary societies. Cultural anthropology is sometimes called social anthropology, sociocultural anthropology, or ethnology. Cultural anthropology also includes pursuits such as ethnography, ethnohistory, and cross-cultural research.
Evolution Research Paper Topics
Modern anthropology embraces the fact of evolution, viewing the recent appearance of humankind within a sweeping geological framework. Our biological structures and functions, as well as societies and cultures, have changed throughout time and will continue to do so. One fascinating prospect for our species is its future adaptation to and survival in outer space, whether for living on neighboring planets or elsewhere in this expanding universe.
Linguistics Research Paper Topics
Of the many areas of anthropology that entice researchers to study, language is one that draws significant and sustained attention. As far back as 1500 BCE, individuals in India speculated about language development, derivations, and use. Similar speculation was done in Europe among Greek philosophers at the time of Socrates and his followers.
Anthropology as a discipline is concerned with human diversity. In its most inclusive conception, this is what brings together the four fields of sociocultural anthropology, archaeology, biological (or physical) anthropology, and linguistics. With its formative period in the historical era, when Europeans and people of European descent were exploring other parts of the world and establishing their dominance over them, and when evolutionary thought was strong, it also came to focus its attention especially on what was, from the Western point of view, distant in time or space – early humans or hominoids, and non-European peoples. In that early period, there was indeed a strong tendency to conflate distances in time with those in space: some living non-Europeans could be taken to be ‘contemporary ancestors,’ dwelling in ‘primitive societies.’ Understandings of the discipline have changed over time, however; and they are not now entirely unitary across the world. What is held together under one academic umbrella in one place may be divided among half a dozen disciplines somewhere else. A mapping of the contemporary state of the discipline, consequently, may usefully begin by taking some note of international variations.