Child Abuse Research Paper Topics
Throughout the world, literally hundreds of millions of children are victims of abuse, neglect, and exploitation. Restricting our focus to the US, over 3 million children are reported to official agencies for severe maltreatment in any given year (English 1998). While approximately 15 percent of children have been reported to agencies for maltreatment, surveys indicate that this figure grossly underestimates the true extent of the problem, as over a third of adults in the US report having experienced physical, sexual, emotional abuse and/or neglect as a child.
Criminology Research Paper Topics
The development of criminology as a separate academic and research discipline is traced from the late 1700s to the present. The major conclusions for criminology are (1) causal theories have not proven to be very robust and powerful. Future theory development will require the development of interdisciplinary theory. (2) Criminology has not experienced significant growth in the last 20 years. The needed expansion of the field will require a new federal effort to build the infrastructure for crime and justice research. (3) The changing nature of crime and scientific methods in criminology, the internationalization of crime, and the demand for more evidence-based policies and practices present new challenges for the discipline of criminology.
Death Penalty Research Paper Topics
Death penalty is the deliberate taking of human life as state-sanctioned punishment. In recent years, a majority of the world’s countries have further restricted or abolished executions all together. Abolition of the death penalty in many countries has occurred in a context of momentous political, social, and legal changes. Newly established nations have embraced abolition, moreover, because powerful European institutions (e.g., the European Union) have made abolition a requirement for membership.
Domestic Violence Research Paper Topics
Domestic violence is characterized by a recent history of rapid social change in institutional policy and practice. The problem is primarily one of men’s violence against women and a considerable proportion of women have experienced this type of physical and sexual violence. Physical injuries are often severe and women may suffer from persistent health and emotional problems. When women are murdered, the perpetrator is usually an intimate partner. Women find it difficult to leave a violent relationship because of threats, lack of support, and, historically, the inadequate responses of institutions.
Elder Abuse Research Paper Topics
Elder abuse, while not a new phenomenon, has gradually gained more recognition as a social problem, with terminology and definitions changing during the past 30 years. Research has tended to be undertaken in more developed countries, but cultural, social, and economic differences between societies affect how researchers, organizations, and citizens view abuse. Consequently, the findings of incidence and prevalence studies differ. Elder abuse can occur for many different reasons; it can be the result of carers’ stress but there is now more acknowledgment that perpetrators of abuse can deliberately target and groom their victims.
Forensic Science Research Paper Topics
Often narrowly depicted as the contribution of science to the production of evidence for courts, forensic science fundamentally relies on the extraction of information from physical traces that are remnants of a past action. By searching, scrutinizing, and testing physical traces, forensic scientists gain pieces of information that can bring significant contribution to different dimensions or phases of criminal inquiry. The practice of this discipline alone does not really make any sense, as it is intimately dependent of the context and the expectations of the criminal inquiry.
In the last 40 years and especially since the turn of the twenty-first century, the study of criminal justice (CJ) has burgeoned with increasing numbers of programs at all academic levels devoted to this specialty. This trend has resulted in a progressive growth of CJ doctorates and concomitant reductions in the influence of other disciplinary professionals on the course and trajectory of theory, research, and policy formation in the field. While sociology departments have retained perhaps the most substantial outsider effect on CJ study of all disciplinary approaches, some scholars suggest that this is a time-limited effect that will diminish as CJ establishes its full autonomy. Alongside the remarkable development of CJ programs, sociology departments have retained much of their criminology curricula, resulting in extensive duplication of content. Students and scholars with a greater policy orientation tend to gravitate to CJ specialization while sociological criminologists, especially those theoretically inclined, tend to study the contextual, ideological, and cultural dimensions of both crime and its study by CJ practitioners.